Laravel 11 Released: What’s New in v11? [New Features and Changes]

Laravel v11

The wait is over now!

Laravel 11 has been one of the most exciting versions for a long time. There are various major changes and new features announced with Laravel v11.

Let’s explore them…

What will You Get with Laravel v11? Overview of Changes and New Features

As per the announcement by Taylor Otwell at Laracon EU, Laravel 11 introduces

  • minimal application structure, 
  • uses SQLite by default, 
  • implements health routing, 
  • improves queue testing, 
  • introduces new Artisan commands, and more.

So stay tuned, we’ll cover all of these here…

Along with Laravel 11, they had announced the release of Laravel Reverb.

Reverb is the newest addition to the Laravel ecosystem which is the first-party scalable WebSocket server. The purpose of its introduction was to provide robust real-time capabilities to the Laravel applications. We’ll cover this new addition later in this blog…

1. New Welcome Page

Laravel v11 brings a new layout to the Welcome page. Check out the below images.
Welcome page in both light and dark mode.

2. Minimal Application Structure

Laravel 11 has introduced a minimal application structure for new Laravel applications, without requiring any change to existing applications. 

When you install a new Laravel project, the application’s folder structure will look like this…

├── Http/
│   └── Controllers/
│       └── Controller.php
├── Models/
│   └── User.php
└── Providers/
    └── AppServiceProvider.php
├── app.php
└── providers.php

Here are the removed folders: app/Console, app/Exceptions, app/Http/Middleware

Routes, Middlewares, and Exceptions are now registered in the bootstrap/app.php file.

This is how bootstrap/app.php file looks:

use Illuminate\Foundation\Application;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Configuration\Exceptions;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Configuration\Middleware;
return Application::configure(basePath: dirname(__DIR__))
       web: __DIR__.'/../routes/web.php',
       commands: __DIR__.'/../routes/console.php',
       health: '/up',
   ->withMiddleware(function (Middleware $middleware) {
   ->withExceptions(function (Exceptions $exceptions) {

In addition, the routes folder has been simplified; the api.php and channels.php route files are no longer present by default since many applications do not require these files.

2. Removed Some Config Files

At first, when Taylor Otwell introduced a minimal application structure, all config/ files were removed. However, he didn’t totally agree with this change and introduced a minimal config version.

If you look at the config/ folder of Laravel 10, you will find these files missing in Laravel 11:


But you can publish them manually, with this command:

php artisan config:publish


php artisan config:publish --all

Also, some config values inside the existing files were removed in favour of automation inside the framework itself.

Now, let’s talk about Sanctum and Broadcasting configuration…

3. API and Broadcasting: Installed Optionally

Laravel 11 has no routes/api.php file, and Sanctum isn’t installed by default. You can install the API scaffolding with the php artisan install:api artisan command.

When you run this artisan command, the routes/api.php file will be created and registered in the bootstrap/app.php, and Laravel Sanctum will be installed. You must only add the Laravel\Sanctum\HasApiTokens trait to the User Model.

Similarly to the API changes, broadcasting also became installable: to prepare the application, you can use the php artisan install:broadcast artisan command.

4. Pest and SQLite are the New Defaults in the Laravel 11

With Laravel v11 you will get a few defaults set in your application.

Default Testing Framework: Pest

In the pole created by Taylor on, people voted for Pest to be the default testing framework. So they changed it to Pest in Laravel v11.

Default Database: SQLite

In Laravel 11, the default database was changed to SQLite. So the new Laravel applications will use SQLite for database storage, as well as the database driver for Laravel’s session, cache, and queue.

5. New “make:” artisan command

Laravel v11 comes with new make: artisan commands. Now, you can create enums, interfaces, and classes.

php artisan make:enum
php artisan make:class
php artisan make:interface

6. Health Routing

New Laravel 11 applications include a health routing directive, which instructs Laravel to define a simple health-check endpoint that may be invoked by third-party application health monitoring services or orchestration systems like Kubernetes. By default, this route is served at '/up:'

7. Dumpable Trait

Laravel 11 introduces a new Dumpable trait. It is intended to replace the current dd() and dump() methods in most of the framework’s classes. Users and package authors can include this trait for easier code debugging.

use Illuminate\Support\Traits\Conditionable;
use Illuminate\Support\Traits\Dumpable;
class Address
    use Conditionable, Dumpable;
    // ...

$address = new Address;

8. Limit Eager Load

Laravel 11 will allow limiting eagerly loaded records natively, without external packages.

class User extends Model
    public function posts()
        return $this->hasMany(Post::class);
class Post extends Model
    // ...
$users = User::with(['posts' => function ($query) {

Before Laravel 11, you were using a separate package Eloquent Eager Limit by Jonas Staudenmeir.

9. Casts Method

From Laravel 11, the casts will be provided in the protected method casts() instead of the protected property $casts.

class User extends Authenticatable
    // ...
    protected function casts(): array
        return [
            'email_verified_at' => 'datetime',
            'password' => 'hashed',

Also, now it is possible to provide an array.

protected function casts(): array
    return [
        'bookOptions' => [AsCollection::class, OptionCollection::class],

This is a non-breaking change. You only need to know that the casts() method is prioritized over the $casts property.

10. once() Method

There’s a new memoization function called once(). This function ensures that a callable is called only once, returning the same result on subsequent calls.

class User extends Model
    public function stats(): array
        return once(function () {
            // Expensive operations to generate user stats, multiple db queries, etc...
            return $stats;

11. Last But Not the Least!: PHP v8.2 is the Minimum Required Version of PHP

Finally, Laravel 11 has dropped support for PHP 8.1. Now, PHP 8.2 is the minimum requirement.

12. Laravel Reverb

Laravel Reverb brings blazing-fast and scalable real-time WebSocket communication directly to your Laravel application and provides seamless integration with Laravel’s existing suite of event broadcasting tools, such as Laravel Echo.

Futhermore, Reverb supports horizontal scaling via Redis’s publish / subscribe capabilities, allowing you to distribute your WebSocket traffic across multiple backend Reverb servers all supporting a single, high-demand application.

Here is an example of a stress test with ~30,000 clients maintaining open connections to Reverb, where each connection is subscribed to 10 different channels, and more than 6,000 messages are being exchanged per second:

Source: Laravel Blog

Additionally, you may monitor the performance of your Reverb servers in Laravel Pulse to get a better understanding of the number of connections and messages being handled.

We encourage you to check out the release notes and upgrade guide for more information on the new features and improvements in Laravel 11.

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